Gum pain Relief [Causes and Symptoms]

Gum pain relief how to do? Medical treatment? Home remedies? What are the main causes of painful gums? what are the most common symptoms of gum pain? And Finally, Hoh to Prevent Gum Pain?

I. Causes of Painful Gums

1. Gingivitis:

The main cause of sore gums is gingivitis. It is a disease that affects and inflames the gums. Gingivitis causes gum pain, as well as gum bleeding. This pathology is caused by the presence of dental plaque.

Plaque is a sign of poor oral hygiene, as it is the result of a bacterial infection.

2. Dental Abscess:

Gum pain can also be caused by a dental abscess. When you develop an abscessed tooth, sore gums are one of the most common symptoms.

The pain from an abscessed tooth is intense and unremitting. Tooth abscesses can also cause fever, swollen gums, and tooth mobility.

3. Dentures:

Although dentures are installed to improve oral health, dentures can cause gum pain.

A gum can become sore after a denture is installed if it is too tight. It is also possible that a wire of the prosthesis can protrude and cause inflammation.

For these reasons, it is important to see your orthodontist if your dentures are causing you pain.

4. Malnutrition:

Dental pathologies are often caused by malnutrition. Gingivitis is related to deficiencies in B-complex vitamins. Having a deficiency of this type makes you more susceptible to pathologies such as gingivitis, stomatitis, and cheilitis.

5. Hormonal Changes:

Certain hormonal changes can be the cause of gingival pain.

During adolescence, the production of hormones can cause gum pain and swelling.

Pregnant women often have gum problems, such as bleeding. Menopause is also a time of life when hormonal changes can cause oral pathologies.

6. Canker Sores:

Mouth ulcers are small wounds on the gums. They cause great pain and can be recurrent.

Some diseases, such as Crohn’s disease, often have one or more canker sores as symptoms.

In addition, some people have a genetic predisposition to developing canker sores.

Although canker sores are usually mild, painkillers may be needed to relieve the pain they cause.

7. Bruxism:

Bruxism is a condition that involves the grinding of teeth. It happens to some people while they are sleeping, during the night. It is often noticed by the partner.

Bruxism is often caused by stress and damages the teeth and gums.

In addition to a medical prescription for stress, a bite guard can be installed to help with bruxism.

8. Fungus:

Oral fungus is a condition that can cause a variety of symptoms, including gum pain.

Oral thrush is caused by a fungus called Candida Albicans. Although naturally present in the body, certain things can cause candida to overgrow.

If you have oral thrush, you may develop pain and inflammation in your mouth, as well as a metallic taste sensation in your mouth.

II. Symptoms Associated with Gum Pain:

Very often, gum pain is accompanied by other symptoms. These include swollen gums and bleeding gums.

It is also common for gum pain to be related to bad breath or even pus, especially in the case of dental abscesses.

In the case of a cavity, gum pain can also go with a loose tooth.

III. Gum Pain Relief (Medical Treatment)?

1. Visit the dentist:

If you are suffering from gum pain, one of the first things you should do is visit your dentist.

Your dentist will be able to perform the necessary tests to determine the real cause of your pain. Treatment for gum pain can only be effective if the diagnosis has been made properly. The prescription will be different if it is an abscess or gingivitis.

2. Painkillers (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs)

In case of gum pain, painkillers are important to calm the symptoms. Non-steroidal painkillers can be purchased over the counter in pharmacies.

You can take aspirin or ibuprofen, for example, to soothe your pain while waiting for your dental appointment.

Do not exceed 3000 mg of aspirin per day, with a minimum interval of 4 hours between each dose.

3. Antibiotics:

Antibiotics are only used when an infection has been declared. and antibiotics are therefore used for ailments such as dental abscesses and gum infections.

Generally, amoxicillin is the most commonly used antibiotic for dental infections.

Antibiotics not only relieve pain but also help fight the bacteria that cause the infection.

IV. Gum Pain Relief at home?

1. Baking Soda:

When you are affected by gum pain at home, you can use baking soda as a first step.

All you have to do is make a mouthwash with it. For example, you can put some baking soda in water and use it after brushing your teeth. Do this several times a day if necessary.

2. Dental Hygiene:

Good oral hygiene helps fight gum pain. If you have dental pain, brush your teeth regularly, focusing on the gum line and gums. By using a soft toothbrush, you will be able to eliminate the bacteria already present in your mouth.

3. Antiseptic Mouthwashes:

Gum pain is often caused by bacterial infections. You can use antiseptic mouthwashes to combat these.

These mouthwashes can help eliminate bacteria and infections. In addition, antiseptic mouthwashes can also help relieve gum pain.

4. Ice:

Commonly, gum pain is also accompanied by swollen gums. This is what happens in the case of gum inflammation.

In this case, you can apply ice to your cheek and gums to soothe your pain. For example, you can put ice cubes in a glove or use a cold compress.

5. Cloves:

Cloves are one of the most common grandmother’s remedies for dental pain.

In the case of gum pain, brew a few cloves and let it cool before using it as a mouthwash. Another option is to apply clove essential oil with your fingertip against your gums while massaging gently.

6. Cider Vinegar:

Cider vinegar is very useful in the case of inflamed gums. Just put a teaspoon of cider vinegar in a glass of warm water. Then use the mixture as a normal mouthwash.

Thanks to cider vinegar, you will be able to limit the spread of bacteria in the mouth, as well as relieve gum pain.

V. How to Prevent Gum Pain?

1. Regular Scaling:

Because gum pain is often caused by gingivitis, regular scaling is a good way to prevent it.

Scaling removes tartar before it turns into plaque. By preventing the spread of bacteria, scaling prevents the gum pain associated with gingivitis.

2. Gentle Brushing:

Brushing is an essential part of good oral hygiene. By brushing your teeth regularly, you get rid of bacteria and prevent infection.

Brushing with a soft-bristled tooth is perfect for removing bacteria, especially those on the gums, without irritating them.

Brush your teeth at least twice a day to prevent toothache.

3. Floss:

Don’t neglect flossing or flossing to prevent your gum pain. Flossing is an important part of your oral hygiene routine to get rid of any residue stuck between your teeth.

Do this after every tooth brushing.

4. Avoid Sugar:

Sugar and refined products are one of the top oral health risks. Sugar causes tooth decay, which can cause pain not only in the teeth but also in the gums.

To avoid future dental problems, limit your sugar intake as much as possible. 

5. Avoid Tobacco:

Smoking causes the creation of tartar and plaque. Although smokers have less pain than non-smokers, they are much more susceptible to gum infection than non-smokers.

The only difference is that they will not notice their condition until much later.

To reduce the risk of gum disease, it is best to quit smoking.

Useful Links:

Periodontal (Gum) Disease

Pain perception and dental anxiety during periodontal probing in patients visiting community oral health program: a cross-sectional study

Symptoms of gum disease

What happens if your tooth breaks after a root canal?

Dental Bone Grafting: Risks and Complications?

Veneers Teeth Pros and Cons [Risks & Care]

How to stop excess saliva at night? [Medical & Home Remedies]